Russia has warned US President Donald Trump’s push to withdraw from a landmark anti-proliferation weapons deal could spark a new arms race between Moscow and Washington.
Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov said on Monday that Russia would be forced to act to restore the balance of military power if the US pulled out of the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty and began developing new missiles.
US abandonment of the deal would “make the world a more dangerous place”, Peskov told reporters at a press conference in the Russian capital, Moscow.
Peskov’s comments came ahead of talks between US National Security Adviser John Bolton and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov.
Bolton, who arrived in Moscow on Monday for a two-day summit during which he will also meet Russian President Vladimir Putin, is expected to face intense inquiries from Kremlin officials over Trump’s plans for the deal.
The INF, which banned all nuclear and conventional missiles with ranges of 500 to 5,500km, was signed in 1987 at a Cold War-era Washington summit between the then-US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet General-Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev.
Washington and Moscow have traded barbs over the accord since, accusing one another on several occasions of breaching the terms of the landmark treaty.
US officials believe Moscow is developing and has deployed a ground-launched system in breach of the INF treaty that could allow it to launch a nuclear strike on Europe at short notice.
Moscow has repeatedly denied allegations that it has contravened the treaty, instead claiming that elements of the US’ missile defence shield hosted by its NATO allies in Europe contravene the agreement.
On Saturday, Trump said Russia had violated the deal for “many years” and pledged to abandon US involvement in the agreement.
Several international powers – including China, Germany and France – expressed concern over Trump’s comments. Britain, the US’ long-time ally, said it would stand “absolutely resolute” alongside Washington over the issue, however.
In Russia, meanwhile, several senior lawmakers and former Soviet Union leader Gorbachev lambasted the US’ president’s stance.
Gorbachev, who, as the last president of the Soviet Union prior to its dissolution in 1991, introduced a series of reforms which helped bring about the end of the Cold War, said Trump’s move was “not the work of a great mind”.
“Under no circumstances should we tear up old disarmament agreements,” Gorbachev said, according to the Russia-based Interfax news agency.
On Monday, Peskov said Russia remained committed to the INF treaty and would “never” inflict a “first strike” attack. Russian President Vladimir Putin’s has previously said any Russian killed in a nuclear attack on the country would “go to heaven as martyrs”.